Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) is an evidence-based approach to treating substance use disorders (SUDs) that combines the use of medication with counseling and behavioral therapies. Unfortunately, there are several harmful myths and misconceptions surrounding MAT that can hinder its effectiveness and prevent individuals from seeking the help they need.
How Does MAT Work?
MAT works by combining medications with counseling and behavioral therapies to treat substance use disorders. Here’s a brief overview of how MAT works:
Assessment: The first step is a comprehensive assessment by a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate treatment plan for the individual. This includes evaluating the severity of the addiction, medical history, and any co-occurring mental health disorders.
Medication Prescription: Based on the assessment, a healthcare provider may prescribe specific medications for MAT. The choice of medication depends on the substance of abuse and individual needs. Common medications used in MAT include methadone, buprenorphine, naltrexone, and acamprosate.
Stabilization: The medication is administered to stabilize brain chemistry, reduce withdrawal symptoms, and curb cravings. This allows individuals to function normally, regain control over their lives, and engage in therapy effectively.
Counseling and Behavioral Therapies: Alongside medication, counseling and behavioral therapies play a crucial role in MAT. They help individuals address the underlying causes of their addiction, develop coping strategies, and make positive behavioral changes. Counseling can be individual, group, or family-based.
Individualized Treatment Plan: MAT is tailored to the individual’s specific needs, and the treatment plan is regularly reviewed and adjusted based on progress and response to medication and therapy.
Monitoring and Support: Throughout the treatment process, healthcare providers closely monitor the individual’s progress, adjust medication dosages if necessary, and provide ongoing support. Regular check-ins, drug testing, and counseling sessions help individuals stay on track and maintain their recovery.
Gradual Tapering (if applicable): In some cases, when an individual has achieved stability and significant progress, they may work with their healthcare provider to gradually taper off the medication under medical supervision. This process is done gradually to minimize withdrawal symptoms and increase the chances of long-term recovery.
It’s important to note that MAT is not a one-size-fits-all approach. The specific medications, dosages, and duration of treatment vary depending on individual needs and response to the treatment. MAT is a comprehensive approach that addresses the physiological, psychological, and behavioral aspects of addiction, promoting long-term recovery and improved quality of life.
Here are 10 common myths about medication-assisted treatment:
1. MAT Is Another Form of Addiction
MAT uses medications to stabilize brain chemistry, reduce withdrawal symptoms, and normalize bodily functions. The medications used in MAT are safe, regulated, and administered under medical supervision.
2. MAT Is Only for Short-Term Treatment
The duration of MAT varies based on individual needs. While some may require short-term treatment, others may benefit from long-term maintenance. The goal is to provide the necessary support for sustained recovery and improved quality of life.
3. MAT Increases Overdose Risk for Participants
MAT actually reduces the risk of overdose by stabilizing brain chemistry and reducing cravings. Medications used in MAT, such as naloxone, can also reverse opioid overdoses if administered in a timely manner.
4. MAT Is Too Expensive
MAT can be affordable and accessible. Many healthcare providers and treatment centers accept insurance, and there are also government-funded programs and community health centers that offer MAT services.
5. Most Insurance Plans Don’t Cover MAT
In recent years, insurance coverage for MAT has significantly improved. Many insurance plans now cover medications and counseling services related to MAT. It’s essential to check with your specific insurance provider to understand the coverage details.
6.MAT is not “true recovery” and is a crutch
MAT is a valid and evidence-based treatment option for substance use disorders. It supports individuals in managing cravings, reducing withdrawal symptoms, and engaging in counseling and therapy to address the underlying causes of their addiction.
7.MAT Patients Are More Likely To Overdose
MAT significantly reduces the risk of overdose. The medications used in MAT help stabilize brain chemistry, minimize withdrawal symptoms, and reduce cravings, thereby decreasing the likelihood of relapse and overdose.
8.Addiction is a disease from which few can recover
Addiction is a treatable medical condition. MAT, along with counseling and support, has proven to be effective in helping individuals achieve long-term recovery. With the right treatment and support, many people can overcome addiction and lead fulfilling lives.
9.MAT Is Worse Than Abstinence
Abstinence-based approaches work for some individuals, but they may not be effective or suitable for everyone. MAT provides a harm-reduction approach that supports individuals in managing their addiction and reducing the risks associated with substance use.
10.My Addiction Isn’t Severe Enough to Warrant MAT
MAT is not solely reserved for severe cases of addiction. It can be a beneficial treatment option at various stages of addiction. A healthcare provider can assess your specific needs and determine if MAT is appropriate for you.